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Political Parties in Denmark

All the existing political parties have 3 common ideologies: liberalism, socialism and conservatism. Those who worked on the Danish constitution act of 1849 assumed that the politicians were free thinking independent men, whose acts only were limited by their conscience. In the course of time exactly the opposite appeared to be the true: today all the political influence goes through a political party.

Alone in the Folketinget:
Today it is almost impossible to obtain attention if you are not a member of a political party, though the entertainer Jacob Haugaard is the exception that proves the rule. 

Right and left parties:
The expression “left to the right” goes back to the French revolution of 1789, the supporters of the king were to be found on the king’s right, and the opposition were placed on the king’s left in the parliament.
Simple characteristics, like left-central-right, indicate the party’s role in the political life of today. Some parties have attempted an additional division concerning environment and a decentralized society, but it was not a possible because all the parties today claim to be “green” and aware of the environmental problems. 

What do political parties stand for?
The parties Enhedslisten, SF and Socialdemokratiet are ideological socialists where the social democrats are the most moderate and Det radikale Venstre is social liberal. Kristeligt Folkeparti is placed between Det radikale Venstre and Det Konservative Folkeparti. The Konservative Folkeparti is the conservative party, and Venstre, Dansk Folkeparti are liberals. 

The large ones: 
At the last election in 2007 the voices distribution was:
Socialdemokraterne, list A: 25,5 %
SF - Socialistisk Folkeparti, list F: 13 %
Dansk Folkeparti, list O: 13,8 %
Venstre, the liberal party, list V: 26,3 % 

Election to Folketinget:
A party can be elected to Folketinget in several ways. To be represented a party must fulfill one of the 3 below listed conditions: 

1. The party must achieve at least one seat in the Folketing obtained by election in a multimember constituency
2. 2 per cent of the valid, national vote.
3. obtaining in two of the three electoral regions a number of votes corresponding to the regional votes/seat ratio (using in the calculation of these ratios the number of seats in the multi-member constituencies in the electoral regions in question, excluding the regions’ compensatory seats
The easiest way however is to obtain 2 % of the valid, national votes, also called threshold. 

The threshold:
Parties that meet the 2 per cent requirement will get seats in the Folketing and adopts 4 mandates out of 179. If the party does not meet the 2 % requirement, then all the votes the party obtained are wasted.
The threshold is not mentioned in the constitution, but it is settled by a judgment that the threshold is not against the constitution. It is being discussed whether the threshold shell be raised or eliminated at all, but today it still remains 2 %.

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