Freedom of religion was introduced with adaptation of the Constitution Act in 1849. The national church of Denmark has precedence substantiated by 80% of the Danes being members of the national church
Harold Bluetooth raised a big runic stone in Jelling in 965. On the stone he wrote for instance that the Danes are now Christians, and the stone is therefore called the certificate of baptism for Denmark. Prior to the decision taken by the king, several centuries had passed while Christianity was spreading in Europe.
Reformation in 1536:
Another split inside the church took place in the beginning of the 15 century expressed by a clash with the Roman-Catholic church in most parts of Europe. One of the most important standard bearers was the German monk Martin Luther (1483-1546) from Wittenberg. He was opposed to buying absolution as it was practiced by the Catholic Church. The absolution was according to him only achieved by grace and the love of God. Denmark officially broke up with the Roman Catholic Church and joined the
The event of breaking with the Roman Catholic Church is called Reformation. At that time many important documents were produced and they are still used today. An example can be the little catechism by Martin Luther which in simple terms explains the essence of Christianity. The little catechism and the Augsburg confession (1530) are still today a part of the creed in the national church. The reformation was the first step towards the national church as we know it today.
The Danish constitution act:
The Danish constitution was adopted on the 5 of June 1849. The constitution act has several paragraphs concerning the church. The introduction of constitution and the break with absolute monarchy are the result of a long process, where the thoughts of freedom and tolerance replace the political, cultural and social structure of the old society.
N.F.S. Grundtvig (1783-1872), a clergyman and a politician, was one of the most important architects for the constitution and the creation of the new church scheme. With adoption of the constitution act a concept of a national church was introduced, and it became the Evangelic- Lutheran, the kings are obliged to belong to the Evangelic Lutheran church as well.
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